Embrace The Culture: More About Ghana

​National Flag

“Know where you come from so you will always know were you stand”

The national flag of Ghana was designed and adopted in 1957 and consists of the Pan-African colours red, gold, and green.

It was designed by Theodosia Salome Okoh who was known as a stateswoman, teacher and artist.

The red represents the blood of those who died in the country’s struggle for independance from Great Britain, the gold represents the mineral wealth of the country, the green symbolises the country’s rich forests and natural resources, and the black star is the symbol of freedom.

Fun Fact
The flag was designed to replace the flag of the United Kingdom and was the first African flag after the flag of Ethiopia to feature red, gold and green. The black star was adopted from the flag of the Black Star Line; a shipping line incorporated by Marcus Garvey that operated from 1919 to 1922, and gives the Ghana national football team their name, The Black Stars.

The Ghana national football team popularly called the Black Stars has represented the Republic of Ghana in association football since the 1950s.


Fabric

Kente Cloth

Kente cloth also known as Nwentoma, means woven cloth and is identified by it’s  multicolored patterns of bright colors, geometric shapes, and bold designs. Each pattern is distinctive and represents symbolic meanings, proverbs, historical events, important chiefs, queen mothers, and plants. Traditionally the cloth is mostly worn on more formal occasions such as, weddings and funerals.

Fun Fact
Legend has it that Kente was first made by two friends, both of Ghanaian decent. They went hunting in the forest and found a spider making it’s web. The friends stood and watched the spider for two days then returned home and implemented what they had seen.

The Dashiki

The Dashiki also known as Angelina Print is a colorful embroidered pattern originated in West Africa. It’s distinctive V-shaped collar, and elaborate detailed print is a cultural statement worn throughout Africa and is now a popular trend all over the world.

Fun Fact: The name dashiki originated from the word ʼdan ciki which means skirt; from one of Ghana’s many dialects, Hausa.
Grey: is the traditional color for West African weddings.
Purple and lavender: the color of African royalty.
Blue: blue is the color of love, peace, and harmony.


Names
Ghanaian names (or Personal names in Ghana) consists of names based on the language of ethnic groups in Ghana and the day of one’s birth.

Male

Monday: Kojo, Kwadwo 

Tuesday: Kwabena 

Wednesday: Kwaku 

Thursday: Yaw 

Friday: Kofi 

Saturday: Kwame

Sunday: Akwasi, Kwasi, Kwesi, Akwesi 

Female

Monday: Adwoa, Adjoa 

Tuesday: Abena

Wednesday: Akua 

Thursday: Yaa 

Friday: Afua 

Saturday: Ama

Sunday: Akosua 

Fun Fact: Some use their names as a first name or middle name.
I was born on a Monday so my parents decided to use Adwoa as my middle name. Having this knowledge of my culture made it easy for me to chose a name for my brand, Adjoa Atelier. I’ll always stay true to myself and my roots.


Symbols

Adinkra (Ad-in-kura) symbols are more than wise sayings. These symbols are one of the rich traditions that built the nation and is a way of life in West Africa. The meaning can range from family, love, spiritual guidance and more and can be expressed through artitectual  features, art and fabric.

Fun Fact: In the past they were hand printed on undyed, red, dark brown or black hand-woven cotton fabric depending on the occasion and the wearer’s role; nowadays they are frequently mass-produced on brighter coloured fabrics.

A fine comb is mostly used to mark parallel lines on an Adinkra Cloth

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